What does the landlord need to do?
Detailed guidance is provided in HSE Guidance referred to above. As landlord controlling premises you need to decide if there are water installations or systems on the premises which may give rise to a risk of Legionella bacteria being present. A risk assessment may be needed. If so, you will need to appoint a competent person to carry out this assessment. Obviously, the larger the premises the greater may be the likelihood of there being a risk of Legionella bacteria being present. However, all residential premises are potentially at risk.
It is important to identify whether water is stored or recirculated as part of the system if the water temperature in some or all parts of the system is between 20 and 45 degrees and whether there are sources of nutrients for bacteria such as rust, sludge, scale and organic matter. You need to consider whether conditions are present to encourage bacteria to multiply. Is it possible for water droplets to be produced and, if so, whether they can be dispersed, e.g. from showers. Also you need to consider whether any resident or visitor is likely to be more susceptible to infection due to age, illness a weakened immune system etc. and whether they could be exposed to contaminated water droplets. Even if there is no storage of hot or cold water in the system a risk assessment may still be necessary. There can be other factors which increase the risk of Legionnaires Disease e.g. dead legs, shower heads or long runs of pipe work which contain warm water. You can do this by proper design maintenance and operation of the system. Sometimes controls have to be introduced as a result of the assessment.